“NWAC is encouraged by the inclusion of Article 32.5 of the new [CUSMA], an exception provision that ensures that the agreement does not undermine the ability of the parties to fulfill their legal obligations to indigenous peoples. NWAC commends the Government of Canada for the success of the negotiations for the introduction of these provisions, as trade can have a serious impact on the rights and interests of Aboriginal peoples, particularly Aboriginal peoples and children. ” – Native Women`s Association of Canada (October 3, 2018) The agreement contains a comprehensive chapter on the environment, subject to dispute resolution and aimed at improving competitive conditions by ensuring that the parties do not reduce their level of environmental protection to attract trade or investment. New obligations are also being introduced to address global environmental challenges, such as illegal wildlife trade, illegal fishing and depletion of fish stocks, endangered species, biodiversity conservation, ozone-depleting substances and marine pollution. It contains a new article that sets out seven multilateral environmental agreements (EEAs) and obliges the three parties to fulfil their respective obligations under the MEEs of which they are a part. The Court encourages broad and diverse public participation, as well as improved visibility and citizen participation, including with indigenous peoples, in the development, implementation and monitoring of cooperative activities. The Court also upheld the Joint Advisory Committee for Public Eading Services, which serves as a central mechanism for public participation and stakeholder participation in the work of the CEC. “The new NAFTA (CUSMA) is the most advanced and comprehensive trade agreement ever concluded. It`s good for #FirstNations and Canada. The inclusion #Indigenous peoples and respect for our rights improves results and economic security. Perry Bellegarde, AFN National Chief (July 16, 2019) “This is an important trade agreement for Canada, and for its automotive industry, because it brings more security to North American trade rules.” – Mark Nantais, Mark Nantais, President of the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (December 11, 2019) December 10, 2019, Canada, the United States and Mexico have agreed to update some elements of the new North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to improve the final outcome and pave the way for ratification and implementation of the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in all three countries. Changes have been made in the areas of dispute resolution, labour, the environment, intellectual property and rules of origin. Implementation of the new NAFTA will strengthen strong economic ties between the three countries and strengthen North America`s global competitiveness.
It is important that the new agreement preserves and improves the integrated and virtually tariff-free market in North America by reducing bureaucracy and reducing the administrative burden on importers and exporters. In all of its trade agreements, Canada seeks to maintain the capacity to develop and implement national policies and programs that support Canada`s cultural industry. This has been achieved by the inclusion of a general cultural exception in most of Canada`s free trade agreements, including NAFTA, or by the inclusion of exemptions and reservations for cultural industries in the relevant chapters of the agreements (for example. B CETA, CPTPP). An important and essential part of the work of WTO members is to monitor the implementation of the agreements they have negotiated. Transparency is the key. They discuss their laws, measures and other issues within the various Councils and committees, including information they have been forced to share through communication to the WTO. All WTO members must also be subject to regular peer review of their trade policies and practices, each trade policy review, WTO secretariat and country reports, and comments from other members at the meeting.