Following the agreement with Japan earlier this week, India now has military logistics agreements with all four countries, Australia, Japan and the United States, which significantly improve interoperability as they also operate several common military platforms. The biggest beneficiary of the logistics pacts has been the navy, which interacts and practices the most with foreign navies. In operations on the high seas, during exercises or humanitarian aid operations, fuel, food and other needs can be exchanged and then regulated according to established modalities. Australia had submitted a draft MLSA shortly after India signed the LEMOA, but New Delhi said at the time it would include more logistical pacts after the first operationalization. In March, ahead of the bilateral naval exercise AUSINDEX, Australian diplomatic sources made a strong case in favour of a pact, saying the case for it was “compelling”. AUSINDEX was the largest Australian naval contingent after India with 1,000 employees and assets. Defense officials said the pact was long overdue given the deep defense and strategic cooperation between the two countries. The Russian deal gives India access to its facilities in the Arctic region, which is experiencing increased global activity as new shipping routes open and resources become available, a third official said. In South Asia, Washington has a similar deal with Sri Lanka.
As recently as March last year, the two countries signed the 10-year CASA to transfer and exchange logistical supplies, support and refueling services during peacekeeping missions, humanitarian operations and joint exercises. It is also a logical culmination of the growing familiarity between the two militaries, who participated in the largest military exercises last year, along with Japan, Australia and Singapore. The important aspect here is “interoperability,” which means that Indian and U.S. forces can work together in an emergency without wasting time getting acquainted with each other`s armed forces. India and the United States are no strangers to the agreement outlined in the LSA. During the 1991 Gulf War, the Indian government provided U.S. fighter jets with refueling facilities at Mumbai`s Sahar International Airport. .